Bharatnatyam, a classical Indian dance form, has been performed since early 300 BC. This classical art form has been handed down by generations. Bharatnatyam was initially performed by the Devadasis in the temples of Tamil Nadu, where they offered their dance as a daily prayer to the Gods. Bharatnatyam was introduced to mass audiences later in the 20th century. Until then, it was a form of art was exclusively seen in temples. Since then, this dance form has gained huge popularity and has evolved from being performed only by South Asians to dance performers worldwide.
In Southern India, Bharatnatyam is an intergral part of life and is taught to young aspirants from an early age as this is believed to help develop a strong sense of discipline and routine in their life. Carnatic music accompanies this form of dance and enhances the precision and disciplined that is required.
Abstract dance movements with rhythm and devoid of expression, that is based on a theme or emotion. This is considered 'pure dance'.
This component is the interpretive dance aspect of Bharatnatyam that uses facial expressions, hand gestures and body movements to portray emotion and express themes.
The third component is the dramatic aspect of the stage performance, including spoken dialogue and mime that is used to convey deeper meaning and enact narrative.
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